By Marilyn D. Rhinehart
The coal mine represented even more than a fashion of constructing a residing to the miners of Thurber, Texas, within the overdue 19th and early 20th centuries-it represented a life-style. Coal mining ruled Thurber's paintings existence, and miners ruled its social existence. the massive immigrant inhabitants that crammed the mines in Thurber represented greater than a dozen international locations, which lent a forte to this Texas city. In 1888 Robert D. Hunter and the Texas & Pacific Coal corporation based Thurber at the website of Johnson Mines, a small coal-mining village at the western fringe of North primary Texas the place Palo Pinto, Erath, and Eastland counties converged. for nearly 40 years the corporate mined coal and owned and operated a city that by means of 1910 served as domestic to greater than 3 thousand citizens. Marilyn Rhinehart examines the tradition of the miners' paintings, the demographics and social lifetime of the group, and the advantages and constraints of lifestyles in an organization city.
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The coal mine represented even more than a fashion of constructing a dwelling to the miners of Thurber, Texas, within the overdue 19th and early 20th centuries-it represented a lifestyle. Coal mining ruled Thurber's paintings lifestyles, and miners ruled its social lifestyles. the big immigrant inhabitants that crammed the mines in Thurber represented greater than a dozen international locations, which lent a strong point to this Texas city.
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Extra resources for A Way of Work and a Way of Life: Coal Mining in Thurber, Texas, 1888-1926 (Texas A&M Southwestern Studies)
9) Includes bibliographical references and index. Coal miners Texas Thurber History. Series. Dubberly and the late Rebekah Lane Dubberly, who taught me that honest work is honorable work. Page vii Contents List of Illustrations page ix List of Tables xi Acknowledgments xiii Introduction xv I. Laying the Foundation 3 II. The Subterranean Community 18 III. A Way of Life: Benevolent Despotism versus Worker Control 40 IV. The Struggle for the Individual and the Union, 18881903 71 V. Boom to Bust in Unionized Thurber 92 Conclusion 113 Notes 120 Bibliography 145 Index 160 Page ix Illustrations Gomer Gower, circa 190811 page 9 Miner in room at mine #8, 1906 36 Thurber miners 36 In the pit 37 Hoisting engineer 37 Mine #1 38 Unloading at the tipple 38 Group of miners at mine #9 39 "Black Diamond" train at mine #12 39 Looking into town 67 Italian family with boarders, 1907 67 General store 68 Horseshoe bar in Snake Saloon 68 UMWA Band 69 Thurber baseball team 69 Fourth of July celebration, early 1900s 70 Coal mine #11 70 Page xi Tables 1.
The partners located one of their branches in Fort Worth, where they operated stockyards and sought buyers for clients' stock. In the wake of the decline of the cattle industry in the late 1880s, Hunter sold his interest in the company to Evans and directed his attention to coal prospects in Texas. 11 Hunter's exact role in the Johnsons' two-year effort to mine coal is unclear. In November, 1886, Edgar L. Marston, a New York financier, Hunter's son-in-law, and a future major stockholder and officer in the Texas & Pacific Coal Company, received a copy of the assay report performed for the Johnsons on the coal reserves that the brothers had purchased the previous month.
He resorted to hiring people from nearby farms to build houses, clear streets, paint, haul rock, build water tanks, improve the mine shafts and guard them, build a wire fence around the mining property, and load dirt. The company's time book listed 127 employees in December, 1988, including 25 with Spanish surnames and 2 among them designated as interpreters. By the following February, the total number of employees had grown to 173, and much more of their labor centered around the two mine shafts.