By David Lea
An in-depth survey of the most important commodities of the area * Profiles each one commodity intimately * offers in-depth facts on creation * contains a useful listing Contents: * Introductory essays * Covers all significant agricultural and mineral items together with aluminium, coal, cotton, nickel, petroleum, bananas, rice, rubber, tea, espresso, tobacco, wheat, average gasoline, soybeans, zinc, lead and phosphates * each one commodity is profiled intimately with info on actual visual appeal, historical past, makes use of, significant markets, tendencies favourite, significant importers and exporters * Statistical information of contemporary degrees of construction at a world and person state point * contemporary developments in costs with indexes of export costs * A listing of organisations involved in commodities.
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Bintan currently has three bauxite mines (controlled by PT Aneka Tambang), which produce ore for export. However, deposits at two of the mines are expected to be exhausted soon (observers now predict that extraction will cease there in 2003, economic circumstances having enabled the site to outlive earlier expectations of closure in 2001). Research into further potential sites in western Kalimantan is ongoing. Indonesia has one major aluminium smelter, capable of producing 225,000 tons per year.
It is in this context that multilateral trade agreements (such as those made at the WTO) that seek to reduce or remove the distortions in the international trade regime have an important role to play. Among the series of agreements covering the different aspects of trade that form the WTO agreements, the Agreement on Agriculture (AoA) is the most relevant to trade in agriculture and to food security in particular. The rest of this article focuses on the features of the AoA, followed by a discussion of the issues in the AoA that have a bearing on food security.
Finally, they find that the countries recognized as developing countries by the WTO are a heterogeneous grouping, both in terms of their food vulnerability and their relative development, and do not provide a sufficiently specific sample for discussions concerning food security. These findings suggest that the AoA should define food security using multiple but objective criteria, so that the differences in the food security situation across countries are better captured, and groups of countries facing a similar situation are properly identified.