By Robin Gendron, Mats Ingulstad, Espen Storli
Because the key part in aluminum creation, bauxite has turn into probably the most vital minerals of the final 100 years. to a few it introduced financial and political virtue, yet for plenty of others, its improvement left a legacy of exploitation. Aluminum Ore explores the heritage of bauxite within the 20th century and the worldwide forces that this background represents, from its strategic improvement within the First international battle to its position within the globalization of markets as businesses from the northern hemisphere vied for the assets of the south. that includes essays by means of students from around the globe, this wide-ranging assortment is a heritage of 1 crucial mineral and a brand new point of view on a time of change.
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Additional resources for Aluminum Ore: The Political Economy of the Global Bauxite Industry
This was the route followed by Sierragold Trust. This company was a curious mixture of business and politics. ”64 The founder of the company, Frederick William Dove, was a Sierra Leonean barrister who was deeply involved in the pan-African movement. In 1920, he had been one of the co-founders of the National Congress of British West Africa. 66 The company purchased land in the Gold Coast said to contain diamonds, gold, or manganese, the traditional export minerals of the colony, and hired an Australian mining engineer to explore the areas.
Who were the actors involved? What was their motivation? Why were some of the newly discovered deposits exploited while others were not? To answer these questions I study the development of four geographical areas: the Guianas of South America, Hungary, the Gold Coast, and Southeast Asia. The selected locations are heterogeneous in character: the only aspect they really have in common is the occurrence of good-quality bauxite. Yet, despite the heterogeneity, there are striking similarities in the developments in these various localities.
The reigning interpretation of the development in Central Europe is as follows: When Germany and AustriaHungary were cut off from French bauxite, the powers immediately started to look for the mineral within their borders. At the outbreak of the war, the German government began working deposits from Vogelsberg in the German state of Hesse to supply its domestic alumina producers. However, these deposits were of low quality and German authorities sought better supplies from allied Austria-Hungary.